Put on your yarmulke Here comes Chanukah So much funukah To celebrate chanukah Chanukah is the festival of lights Instead of one day of presents, we have eight crazy nights. Guess who eats together at the Carnegie Deli? OJ Simpson, not a jew But guess who is? Chanukah is the festival of lights Instead of one day of presents We get eight crazy nights.
Chanukah is the festival of lights. One day of presents? Hell no, We get eight crazy nights. Ross and Phoebe from "Friends" say the Chanukah blessing. Melissa Gilbert and Michael Landon never mixed meat with dairy. Maybe they should have called that show "Little Kosher House on the Prairie. Tom Arnold converted to Judaism, but you guys can have him back! We may not get to kiss underneath the mistletoe But we can do it all night long with Deuce Bigalow!
Sweet Robbie Schneider is here! But an alternative form, organized by subject matter instead of by biblical verse, became dominant about the year CE, the Oral Torah was far from monolithic, rather, it varied among various schools. The most famous two were the School of Shammai and the School of Hillel, in general, all valid opinions, even the non-normative ones, were recorded in the Talmud.
The oldest full manuscript of the Talmud, known as the Munich Talmud, each tractate is divided into chapters, in total, that are both numbered according to the Hebrew alphabet and given names, usually using the first one or two words in the first mishnah. A perek may continue over several pages, each perek will contain several mishnayot with their accompanying exchanges that form the building-blocks of the Gemara, the name for a passage of gemara is a sugya.
A sugya, including baraita or tosefta, will comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of a Mishnaic statement. A sugya may, and often does, range widely off the subject of the mishnah, in a given sugya, scriptural, Tannaic and Amoraic statements are cited to support the various opinions. In so doing, the Gemara will highlight semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim, and compare the Mishnaic views with passages from the Baraita. Rarely are debates formally closed, in instances, the final word determines the practical law. There is a literature on the procedural principles to be used in settling the practical law when disagreements exist, see under Logic.
The Mishnah is a compilation of legal opinions and debates, statements in the Mishnah are typically terse, recording brief opinions of the rabbis debating a subject, or recording only an unattributed ruling, apparently representing a consensus view. The rabbis recorded in the Mishnah are known as the Tannaim, the Mishnahs topical organization thus became the framework of the Talmud as a whole. But not every tractate in the Mishnah has a corresponding Gemara, also, the order of the tractates in the Talmud differs in some cases from that in the Mishnah.
In addition to the Mishnah, other tannaitic teachings were current at about the time or shortly thereafter. Candle — A candle is an ignitable wick embedded in wax or another flammable solid substance such as tallow that provides light, and in some cases, a fragrance. It can also be used to heat, or used as a method of keeping time. A candle manufacturer is known as a chandler.
Various devices have been invented to hold candles, from simple tabletop candle holders to elaborate chandeliers, for a candle to burn, a heat source is used to light the candles wick, which melts and vaporizes a small amount of fuel. Once vaporized, the fuel combines with oxygen in the atmosphere to ignite, as the mass of solid fuel is melted and consumed, the candle becomes shorter. Portions of the wick that are not emitting vaporized fuel are consumed in the flame, the incineration of the wick limits the exposed length of the wick, thus maintaining a constant burning temperature and rate of fuel consumption.
Some wicks require regular trimming with scissors, usually to about one-quarter inch, to slower, steady burning. In early times, the wick needed to be trimmed quite frequently, special candle-scissors, referred to as snuffers were produced for this purpose in the 20th century and were often combined with an extinguisher. In modern candles, the wick is constructed so that it curves over as it burns and this ensures that the end of the wick gets oxygen and is then consumed by fire—a self-trimming wick. The word candle comes from Middle English candel, from Old English and from Anglo-Norman candele, the earliest surviving candles originated in Han China around BC, and were made from whale fat.
European candles of antiquity were made from various forms of fat, tallow. In Ancient Rome, candles were made of tallow due to the prohibitive cost of beeswax and it is possible that they also existed in Ancient Greece, but imprecise terminology makes it difficult to determine. In the Middle Ages in Europe, tallow candles were the most common candle, by the 13th century, candle making had become a guild craft in England and France.
The candle makers went from house to house making candles from the kitchen fats saved for that purpose, or made, Beeswax, compared to animal-based tallow, burned cleanly, without smoky flame. Rather than the foul and terrible odor of tallow, it emits a fresh smell, Beeswax candles were expensive, and relatively few people could afford to burn them in their homes in medieval Europe.
However, they were used for church ceremonies. In the 18th century, spermaceti, oil produced by the whale, was used to produce a superior candle. Late in the 18th century, colza oil and rapeseed oil came into use as much cheaper substitutes, the manufacture of candles became an industrialized mass market in the mid 19th century. Potato pancake — Potato pancakes, latkes or boxties, are shallow-fried pancakes of grated or ground potato, flour and egg, often flavored with grated garlic or onion and seasoning. They may be topped with a variety of condiments, ranging from the savory, to the sweet, the dish is sometimes made from mashed potatoes to make pancake-shaped croquettes.
It is the dish of Belarus. In the North-East of England, there is a dish known as tattie fish. The pancake consists of flour, eggs, shredded potatoes and onions, some people add tomato or cheese to the mix, depending on taste. The British also brought the potato pancake to Zimbabwe, Africa when Zimbabwe was a colony of Britain and they are still eaten today, where they are affordable.
A form of potato pancake known as boxty is a traditional dish in most of Ireland, particularly north Connacht. It is made similarly to the British tattie fish, with more starch and it has a smooth, grained consistency. Latkes or latkas are potato pancakes that Ashkenazi Jews have prepared as part of the Hanukkah festival since the mids, based on an older variant of the dish that goes back to at least the Middle Ages.
Latkes need not necessarily be made from potatoes, numerous modern recipes call for the addition of ingredients such as onions and carrots.
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The word latke itself is derived from the Russian word ladka, oladka, the word leviva, the Hebrew name for latke, refers in the Book of Samuel to a dumpling made from kneaded dough, as part of the story of Amnon and Tamar. Some interpreters have noted that the homonym levav means heart, in the lexicon of Ashkenazi Jews from Udmurtia and Tatarstan there are recorded versions of the kosher-style appellation of latkes during the eight-day Hanukkah holiday. Both kinds are enjoyed with fried pork and lingonberry jam, in the 19th century, especially in times of economic difficulty during the foreign partitions, potato pancakes often replaced missing bread among the peasants.
The lower-quality crops given to field laborers were sometimes turned by them quickly into pancakes to improve taste, also, their popularity is closely associated with the historic presence of one of the largest Jewish communities in the world flourishing in Poland. Sufganiyah — A sufganiyah is a round jelly doughnut eaten in Israel and around the world on the Jewish festival of Hanukkah.
The doughnut is deep-fried, filled with jelly or custard, at Hanukkah, Jewish people observe the custom of eating fried foods in commemoration of the miracle associated with the Temple oil. The Hebrew word sufganiyah and Arabic word sfenj derive from the words for sponge, there is a long North African history besides the Jewish tradition of associating sfenj with Hanukkah. In Israel, where Central and East European Jews mingled with North African Jews, the ponchke-style sufganiyah was originally made from two circles of dough surrounding a jelly filling, stuck together and fried in one piece.
This method has resulted in the modern sufganiyah being identical to the German Berliner, Bakeries and grocery stores build excitement for the approaching holiday by selling sufganiyot individually and by the box, they have become a favorite for school and office parties.
Angel Bakeries, the largest bakery in Israel, reportedly fries up more than , sufganiyot every day during the eight-day Hanukkah festival, each batch uses kilograms of dough and makes 1, sufganiyot. Local newspapers add to the excitement by sending out food critics each year to rate the best sufganiyah in town, as a result of the national hubbub, some purveyors have elevated the basic filling recipe to an art form. In one Jerusalem bakery produced sufganiah dough saturated with Van Gogh Vodka, in recent years, Israeli bakeries began downsizing sufganiyot to appeal to health-conscious consumers.
The usual grams size, packing to calories, now appears in 50 grams size with different fillings and toppings, earning the name mini. It is also known as the Festival of Lights and the Feast of Dedication, the festival is observed by the kindling of the lights of a unique candelabrum, the nine-branched menorah, one additional light on each night of the holiday, progressing to eight on the final night. The typical menorah consists of eight branches with a visually distinct branch. The extra light, with which the others are lit, is called a shamash and is given a distinct location, other Hanukkah festivities include playing dreidel and eating oil-based foods such as doughnuts and latkes.
Since the s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah lightings in open places in many countries. This is a reference to the disagreement between two schools of thought — the House of Hillel and the House of Shammai — on the proper order in which to light the Hanukkah flames. Shammai opined that eight candles should be lit on the first night, seven on the second night, Hillel argued in favor of starting with one candle and lighting an additional one every night, up to eight on the eighth night.
It is most commonly transliterated to English as Chanukah or Hanukkah, moreover, the kaf consonant is geminate in classical Hebrew. It has also been spelled as Hannukah, the story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah. These books are not part of the Tanakh which came from the Palestinian canon, however, both books are included in the Old Testament used by the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, since those churches consider the books deuterocanonical.
They are not included in the Old Testament books in most Protestant Bibles since most Protestants consider the books apocryphal, multiple references to Hanukkah are also made in the Mishna, though specific laws are not described. The miracle of the supply of oil miraculously lasting eight days is first described in the Talmud. Rav Nissim Gaon postulates in his Hakdamah Lemafteach Hatalmud that information on the holiday was so commonplace that the Mishna felt no need to explain it. They found only a container that was still sealed by the High Priest.
They used this, yet it burned for eight days, except in times of danger, the lights were to be placed outside ones door, on the opposite side of the mezuza, or in the window closest to the street. Purim — Purim is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the saving of the Jewish people from Haman, who was planning to kill all the Jews. The day of deliverance became a day of feasting and rejoicing, Purim is celebrated annually according to the Hebrew calendar on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar, the day following the victory of the Jews over their enemies.
Today, only Jerusalem and a few other cities celebrate Purim on the 15th of Adar. At this feast Ahasuerus gets thoroughly drunk, and at the prompting of his courtiers, orders his wife Vashti to display her beauty before the nobles and populace and her refusal prompts Ahasuerus to have her removed from her post. Ahasuerus then orders all young women to be presented to him, one of these is Esther, who was orphaned at a young age and was being fostered by her first cousin Mordecai.
Some rabbinic commentators state that she was actually Mordecais wife, since the Torah permits an uncle to marry his niece and she finds favor in the kings eyes, and is made his new wife. Esther does not reveal her origins and that she is Jewish, shortly afterwards, Mordecai discovers a plot by two courtiers Bigthan and Teresh to kill Ahasuerus. They are apprehended and hanged, and Mordecais service to the king is recorded in the record of the court.
Ahasuerus appoints Haman as his viceroy, Mordecai, who sits at the palace gates, falls into Hamans disfavor as he refuses to bow down to him. Having found out that Mordecai is Jewish, Haman plans to not just Mordecai. Obtaining Ahasuerus permission and funds to execute this plan, he casts lots to choose the date on which to do this — the thirteenth of the month of Adar.
Esther discovers what has transpired, there follows an exchange of messages between her and Mordecai, with Hatach, one of the servants, as the intermediary. Mordecai requests that she intercede with the king on behalf of the embattled Jews, she replies that nobody is allowed to approach the king, under penalty of death. Esther has a change of heart, says she will fast and pray for three days and will approach the king to seek his help, despite the law against doing so.
She also requests that Mordecai tell all Jews of Shushan to fast, on the third day, she seeks an audience with Ahasuerus, during which she invites him to a feast in the company of Haman. During the feast, she asks them to attend a further feast the next evening, Ahasuerus asks whether anything was done for Mordecai and is told that he received no recognition for saving the kings life.
Just then, Haman appears, and King Ahasuerus asks him what should be done for the man that the wishes to honor. Yiddish — Yiddish is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews. In the late 19th and into the 20th century the language was commonly called Jewish, especially in non-Jewish contexts. Modern Yiddish has two major forms, Eastern Yiddish is far more common today.
Oh Chanukah (Jewish Traditional) sheet music for French Horn
It includes Southeastern, Mideastern, and Northeastern dialects, Eastern Yiddish differs from Western both by its far greater size and by the extensive inclusion of words of Slavic origin. Western Yiddish is divided into Southwestern, Midwestern, and Northwestern dialects, the term Yiddish is also used in the adjectival sense, synonymously with Jewish, to designate attributes of Ashkenazi culture.
However, the number of speakers is increasing in global Hasidic communities, the established view is that, as with other Jewish languages, Jews speaking distinct languages learned new co-territorial vernaculars, which they then Judaized. Exactly what German base lies behind the earliest form of Yiddish is disputed, both Weinreich and Solomon Birnbaum developed this model further in the mids.
In Weinreichs view, this Old Yiddish substrate later bifurcated into two versions of the language, Western and Eastern Yiddish. They retained the Semitic vocabulary needed for religious purposes and created a Judeo-German form of speech, recent linguistic research has finessed, contested, or challenged the Weinreich model, providing alternative approaches to the origins of Yiddish.
Some theorists argue that the fusion occurred with a Bavarian dialect base, the two main candidates for the germinal matrix of Yiddish, the Rhineland and Bavaria, are not necessarily incompatible. There may have been developments in the two regions, seeding the Western and Eastern dialects of Modern Yiddish. Dovid Katz proposes that Yiddish emerged from contact between speakers of High German and Aramaic-speaking Jews from the Middle East, wexlers model has met with little academic support, and strong critical challenges, especially among historical linguists.
Alternative theories recognize the extent of Yiddishs Germanic vocabulary. Ashkenaz was centered on the Rhineland and the Palatinate, in what is now the westernmost part of Germany and its geographic extent did not coincide with the German principalities of the time, and it included northern France. Ashkenaz bordered on the inhabited by another distinctive Jewish cultural group, the Sephardim or Spanish Jews.
Jewish holidays — Certain terms are used very commonly for groups of holidays. These include the first and seventh days of Passover, Shavuot, by extension, outside the Land of Israel, the second-day holidays known under the rubric Yom tov sheni shel galuyot are also included in this grouping. Colloquially, Yom Kippur, a Biblically-mandated date on which even food preparation is prohibited, is included in this grouping.
Within this grouping Sukkot normally includes Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, certain terminology is used in referring to different categories of holidays, depending on their source and their nature, Shabbat, or Sabbath, is referred to by that name exclusively. Similarly, Rosh Chodesh is referred to by that name exclusively, moed, plural moadim, refers to any of the Three Pilgrimage Festivals of Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot.
It is also used to describe Hanukkah and Purim, as well as Yom Haatzmaut, Taanit, or, less commonly, tzom, refers to a fast. These terms are used to describe the rabbinic fasts, although tzom is used liturgically to refer to Yom Kippur as well. The most notable feature of Shabbat and the Biblical festivals is the requirement to refrain from melacha on these days. Melacha is most commonly translated as work, perhaps a translation is creative-constructive work. Strictly speaking, Melacha is defined in Jewish law by 39 categories of labor that were used in constructing the Tabernacle while the Jews wandered in the desert, as understood traditionally and in Orthodox Judaism, On Shabbat and Yom Kippur all melacha is prohibited.
On a Yom Tov which falls on a weekday, not Shabbat, some melacha related to preparation of food is permitted.
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- The Chanukah Song?
On weekdays during Chol HaMoed, melacha is not prohibited per se, however, melacha should be limited to that required either to enhance the enjoyment of the remainder of the festival or to avoid great financial loss. On other days, there are no restrictions on melacha, in principle, Conservative Judaism understands the requirement to refrain from melacha in the same way as Orthodox Judaism.
However, many, if not most, lay members of Conservative congregations in North America do not consider themselves Sabbath-observant, at the same time, adherents of Reform Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism do not accept halacha, and therefore restrictions on melacha, as binding at all. Jews fitting any of these descriptions refrain from melacha in practice only as they see fit. Jerusalem — Jerusalem is a city located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is considered a city in the three major Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, the part of Jerusalem called the City of David was settled in the 4th millennium BCE.
Parts, Versions, Transpositions
In , walls were built around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent, today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, the sobriquet of holy city was probably attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times.
The holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Septuagint which Christians adopted as their own authority, was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesuss crucifixion there, in Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina.
As a result, despite having an area of only 0, outside the Old City stands the Garden Tomb. Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the issues in the Israeli—Palestinian conflict. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset, the residences of the Prime Minister and President, the international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israels capital, and the city hosts no foreign embassies.
Jerusalem is also home to some non-governmental Israeli institutions of importance, such as the Hebrew University. The form Yerushalem or Yerushalayim first appears in the Bible, in the Book of Joshua, according to a Midrash, the name is a combination of Yhwh Yireh and the town Shalem. The inscription states, I am Yahweh thy God, I will accept the cities of Judah and I will redeem Jerusalem, or as other scholars suggest, the mountains of Judah belong to him, to the God of Jerusalem. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Hanukkah disambiguation.
A hanukkiah , a menorah with nine branches. Menorah Hanukkah and Miracle of the cruse of oil. Hanneirot hallalu anu madlikin 'al hannissim ve'al hanniflaot 'al hatteshu'ot ve'al hammilchamot she'asita laavoteinu bayyamim haheim, u bazzeman hazeh 'al yedei kohanekha hakkedoshim. Vekhol-shemonat yemei Hanukkah hanneirot hallalu kodesh heim, ve-ein lanu reshut lehishtammesh baheim ella lir'otam bilvad kedei lehodot ul'halleil leshimcha haggadol 'al nissekha ve'al nifleotekha ve'al yeshu'otekha.
In the days of the Hasmonean Mattathias, son of Johanan the high priest, and his sons, when the iniquitous Greco-Syrian kingdom rose up against Your people Israel, to make them forget Your Torah and to turn them away from the ordinances of Your will, then You in your abundant mercy rose up for them in the time of their trouble, pled their cause, executed judgment, avenged their wrong, and delivered the strong into the hands of the weak, the many into the hands of few, the impure into the hands of the pure, the wicked into the hands of the righteous, and insolent ones into the hands of those occupied with Your Torah.
Both unto Yourself did you make a great and holy name in Thy world, and unto Your people did You achieve a great deliverance and redemption. Whereupon your children entered the sanctuary of Your house, cleansed Your temple, purified Your sanctuary, kindled lights in Your holy courts, and appointed these eight days of Hanukkah in order to give thanks and praises unto Your holy name.
White House Hanukkah Party.
The Maccabeats - Candles on the Sill - Hanukkah - Israel National News
Jewish and Israeli holidays — Sunset, 6 December — nightfall, 14 December  Sunset, 24 December — nightfall, 1 January Sunset, 12 December — nightfall, 20 December Sunset, 2 December — nightfall, 10 December Sunset, 22 December — nightfall, 30 December Sunset, 10 December — nightfall, 18 December Sunset, 28 November — nightfall, 6 December Sunset, 18 December — nightfall, 26 December Retrieved — via Calendar date and Hanukkah.
Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 6 October Archived from the original on 7 December Have the chutzpah to embrace Yiddish". Hermeneutics, Authority, and Canon. Wipf and Stock Publishers. Archived from the original on 28 May Aramaic English New Testament, 3rd Ed. The History of the Second Temple Period. Archived from the original on 27 June Archived from the original on 16 January Religions of the Ancient World: Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: Comparative Studies in Religion.
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. A Survey of the New Testament. Judaic Religion in the Second Temple Period: Belief and Practice from the Exile to Yavneh. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. A Survey of Israel's History. Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews. Encyclopaedia Judaica, Volume 9.
Archived from the original on 13 December His three years' war east of the Jordan about 85—82 was successful; and he conquered Pella, Dium, Gerasa, Gaulana, Seleucia, and the strong fortress Gamala. Mattathias and his five sons became the nucleus of a growing band of rebels against Antiochus. Then Came Jesus Christ. Also in the Apocrypha is the Book of Judith, which tells how this heroine stopped the siege of Jerusalem by decapitating Holofernes, a major military leader for the enemy.
Judith and the Hanukkah Story". For several centuries there was another hero associated with Hanukkah: Retrieved 6 October — via Haaretz. The Life and Teachings of Menachem M. Throughout the nineteenth century some Jews tried various ways to adapt Judaism to American life. As they began looking for images to help understand and explain what a proper response to American Challenges might be, Hanukkah became ripe for reinvention. In Charleston, South Carolina, one group of Jews made Hanukkah into a time for serious religious reflexion that responded to their evangelical Protestant milieu However, neither the Talmud nor the Shulchan Aruch identifies Hanukkah as a special occasion to ask for the forgiveness of sins.
Archived from the original on 1 January The Complete Jewish Holidays Handbook. Teaching Giving During Hanukkah". New Era Illustrated Magazine. Days on Which Tachanun is Omitted". As one of the most famous Chanukah songs The Post and Courier. Archived from the original on 5 January The Americanization of Hanukkah and Southern Jewry".
- Oh Chanukah (Jewish Traditional) sheet music for Trombone;
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The Philadelphia Jewish Voice. The New York Times. The Book of New Israeli Food: The Woman Who Saved the Day". Eat and be Satisfied: A Social History of Jewish Food. Fabricant, Florence 23 November Geese Are Getting Fat". Yoskowitz, Jeffrey 24 December The Weird Ancient History of the Dreidel". David 19 December Why specifically the fifth night? Answers the Orchos Rabeinu, since the fifth night is the only night that cannot coincide with Shabbos.
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Hanukkah at the White House". Please pass the turkey-stuffed doughnuts". New York University Press. The Spirit of the Matter. The Israeli Politics of the Maccabean Holiday". Archived from the original on 28 November Hanukkah at Wikipedia's sister projects. Chrismukkah Thanksgivukkah Hanukkah bush. Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances. Passover Fast of the Firstborn Pesach Sheni. Yom tov sheni shel galuyot Chol HaMoed Isru chag. Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States.
Patrick's Day religious Spring break week. Columbus Day federal Halloween. Veterans Day federal Thanksgiving federal. Eid al-Adha religious Eid al-Fitr religious Ramadan religious, month. Retrieved from " https: Subscription required using via Pages containing links to subscription-only content CS1 errors: This miracle according to the Talmud was taken as a sign that the Shechinah rested over Israel and it was called the ner hamaaravi because of the direction of its wick 2.
When Antiochus erected a statue of Zeus in their temple and Hellenic priests began sacrificing pigs, when a Greek official ordered a Jewish priest to perform a Hellenic sacrifice, the priest killed him 3. The growth of Yahweh-centric belief, along with a number of practices, gradually gave rise to a distinct Israelite ethnic group 4. In addition to the Mishnah, other tannaitic teachings were current at about the time or shortly thereafter 5.
Late in the 18th century, colza oil and rapeseed oil came into use as much cheaper substitutes, the manufacture of candles became an industrialized mass market in the mid 19th century 6. The usual grams size, packing to calories, now appears in 50 grams size with different fillings and toppings, earning the name mini 8.
They used this, yet it burned for eight days, except in times of danger, the lights were to be placed outside ones door, on the opposite side of the mezuza, or in the window closest to the street 9. Just then, Haman appears, and King Ahasuerus asks him what should be done for the man that the wishes to honor Ashkenaz bordered on the inhabited by another distinctive Jewish cultural group, the Sephardim or Spanish Jews Jews fitting any of these descriptions refrain from melacha in practice only as they see fit YouTube Videos [show more].
Menorah Temple [videos] The menorah Hebrew: A reconstruction of the Menorah of the Temple created by the Temple Institute. Fray Juan Ricci — , sketch of the menorah as described in Exodus, undated. Stone with Menorah that was found in the Archaeological site Magdala. Herod's Temple as imagined in the Holyland Model of Jerusalem. It is currently situated adjacent to the Shrine of the Book exhibit at the Israel Museum , Jerusalem.
Remnants of the 1st century Stairs of Ascent, discovered by archaeologist Benjamin Mazar , to the entrance of the Temple Courtyard. Pilgrims coming to make sacrifices at the Temple would have entered and exited by this stairway. The Trumpeting Place inscription , a stone 2. According to Jewish tradition, Jacob was the father of the tribes of Israel. Yemenite Jew blows shofar , An early printing of the Talmud Ta'anit 9b ; with commentary by Rashi. A page of a medieval Jerusalem Talmud manuscript, from the Cairo Geniza.
Price's Candles became the largest candle manufacturer in the world by the end of the 19th century. Potato pancakes with apple sauce and sour cream. Frying latkes at home for Hanukkah. A baker deep-fries sufganiyot at the Mahane Yehuda Market , Jerusalem. Chocolate vanilla cream sufganiyot. Hanukkah lamp unearthed near Jerusalem about Section from the Aramaic Scroll of Antiochus in Babylonian supralinear punctuation , with an Arabic translation. An 18th century prayerbook on the miracles of Purim.
The calligraphic segment in the Worms Mahzor. American World War I -era poster in Yiddish. Women surrounded by posters in English and Yiddish supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt , Herbert H.
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